Electrical Installation Condition Reports
A Electrical Installation Condition Report of a property consists of, a visual inspection of the electrical installation, and live and dead testing of the installation by a suitably qualified electrician. On completion of the visual inspection and testing of the installation, a Electrical Installation Condition Report is issued. This states if there are any faults, and if the installation is safe to use at the time of the test. If electrical faults are found, we can provide a quotation for rectifying these faults. It should be remembered that all electrical installations, should be tested & inspected at regular recommended intervals.
Main reasons for test & inspections
BS 7671 states every electrical installation should be periodically tested & inspected
- Electrical installations deteriorate with use and over time and can put users in danger
- To detect electrical faults which could cause shock or burns to humans or livestock
- Check if the installation is safe to use
- Check if there is protection against damage to property by fire or heat arising from a defect
- Before a new tenant moves in
- Before selling a property for a mortgage application
- Change of use of the property
- Additions to the installation which could cause overloading
- Alterations to the installation which could cause harm or damage
- Problems reported about the installation such as fuses blowing or tripping
- If there has been flooding or water damage due to a leak
- After a fire or electrical fault to the whole or part of the installation
- If it is reported there has been an electrical shock received
What happens during the testing & inspection
- The type of installation domestic, commercial, Industrial
- Type of supply single phase or 3 phase
- Number of fuse boards or consumer units it has
- Number of circuits
- Number of fixed appliances, lights, plugs, etc
- Type of heating, cooking and water heating appliances
- What’s on each circuit and what should not be
- Checking for defects visually
- Dead testing of each circuit to obtain test readings to check safety & conformity
- Live testing of each circuit to check against regulations and check safety & conformity
- Check cables are installed correctly and in safe manor
- Check correct cable sizes are used throughout
- Check main earthing conductor is present
- Check if any gas pipe is earth bonded and installed correctly
- Check if main water pipe is earth bonded and installed correctly
- Check fuse or MCB is of correct size
- Check if all metal light switches, light fittings, and other metal accessories are earthed
- RCD’s are working correctly to the correct tripping value
How long will it take
How long a Electrical Installation Condition Report takes depends on many factors, but most normal 3 bedroom terrace houses, take between 2 & 4 hours to complete. The regulations state all electricians must complete a minimum of 10% checks of an installation, but it is down to the owner and the contractor how far the testing is permitted. The contractor and the owner decide how far checks are made and for what price, normally electricians do not lift floorboards or carpets.
A limited amount of dismantling is done to complete visual inspections & testing, again this is discussed with the owner to decide how far a test & inspection should go. If faults are found within an installation, we are required to go further than 10% or let the owner know more testing & inspecting is required.
The time stated above to test & inspect a 3 bedroom property, is an approximate time most electricians would take. If you employ an electrician to conduct a test in a property, and it takes less than 2 hours, it is not being done properly. Even the smallest of properties will take about 2 hours to complete, so if it has been done quicker, we would question the integrity of the report and the person carrying it out.
Napit members are vetted and tested for competency on their work.